A Method for Removing Organic Impurities from Noble Metal Nanostructures to Increase the Catalytic Performance Toward the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

A method of synthesizing activated nanostructure electrocatalysts without damaging their surfaces. Background: Certain metals (like Pt, Pd, and Ru) are known as excellent electrocatalysts (catalysts in an electrochemical reaction), but they're also costly and scarce. They're also susceptible to carbon monoxide, have poor stability under cyclic loading, and have slow reaction kinetics for the oxygen reduction reaction. They also have to be activated without damaging the surface of the particles. An approach to address this issue is forming metal nanoparticles; this requires proportionally higher numbers of defect sites, lattice boundaries, and low surface coordination atoms. There is a need for a method of activating nanostructure electrocatalysts for large-scale and cost-effective commercial processes that does not damage the nanostructure's surface. Technology Overview: This is a method of synthesizing an activated electrocatalyst and removing surfactants or capping agents from a metal surface. This method comprises displacing surfactants/capping agents on the surface with carbon monoxide, and then stripping the carbon monoxide through electrochemical oxidation. Or, the synthesized metal structures can be acid washed or ozone treated, which weakens interactions between the surfactants and capping agents to the metal structure surface. These activated or stripped structures can take many forms or sizes, including nanostructures, microstructures, and macrostructures; possible nanostructures include nanoparticles, nanowires, nanosheets, nanotubes, nanorods, and core-shell nanostructures. Advantages: Safe and efficient removal of surfactants and capping agents - Creates products without damaging the surface of the electrocatalyst - Resulting nanostructures are clear, damage-free and ready for further catalytic application Applications: -Electrocatalytic monodisperse nanostructures

-Synthesizing electrocatalytic nanostructures in solution

-Conventional energy production devices Intellectual Property Summary: Patented Stage of Development: [9490486](https://patents.google.com/patent/US9490486B2/en) Licensing Potential: Licensing,Commercial partner,Development partner Licensing Status: Available for licensing. R-8446 Additional Information: catalytic,electrocatalytic,monodisperse,electrocatalyst,carbon monoxide,electrochemical,oxidation,ozone,metal surface,microstructure,nanowire,nanosheet,nanotube,catalyst,oxygen reduction,oxygen reduction reaction,energy production,nanotechnology,nanorod,metal nanoparticle,nanoparticle,nanostructure,surfactant,catalysts,metal nanoparticles,nanoparticles,nanostructured electrocatalysts,electrochemistry,electrochemical products,electrochemical methods,electrochemical process,electrochemical conversion,electrocatalytic activity,capping agent,reaction kinetic https://stonybrook.technologypublisher.com/files/sites/i6ey1djszrc2anl6oj0w_5506171776_b3768f849e_o.jpg Image is purely illustrative. Source: Flickr/Leland Francisco, https://www.flickr.com/photos/lel4nd/5506171776, CC BY 2.0. Cropped.

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