GPU-assisted Fast Medical Image Reconstruction

Data collection and processing for ultra-fast medical image reconstruction. Background: The advent of medical imaging of the anatomy's structure and function has allowed radiologists to view a patient's anatomy without the immediate need for invasive surgery. Transmission Tomography (TT), such as Computed Tomography (CT), allows the radiologist to view the patient's anatomical structure, while Emission Tomography (ET) allows the radiologist to view the patient's anatomical function. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) and Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) are common techniques for imaging anatomical function. A common algorithm used in SPECT image reconstruction is the iterative maximum likelihood expectation maximization (ML-EM) reconstruction algorithm with the ordered-subsets (OS) strategy, the combination of which is commonly referred to as the OS-EM algorithm. Although the OS-EM algorithm achieves a good quantitative reconstruction, there are limitations in clinical use. One drawback is the high computational cost of the algorithm resulting from the large vectors and matrices associated with producing a high-resolution image reconstruction. Research efforts have been devoted to mitigate drawbacks by (1) developing efficient simulators for the re-projection and back-projection cycle, such as by the use of the geometry warping with distance-dependent convolution or the recursive ray-tracing with geometry symmetries; and (2) investigating sophisticated strategies to speed up the convergence to a satisfactory result, such as the OS technique. Although a significant speed gain was observed by the addition of the OS technique, the reconstruction time is still typically too long for acceptable clinical use. Improved techniques for image reconstruction for SPECT images are desired. Technology Overview: Reconstruction of high resolution medical images is clinically desired, especially in dynamical studies. Researchers at Stony Brook University have developed innovative software models to model the data collection and processing for ultra fast image reconstruction. By integrating these models into the GPU hardware architecture, ultra fast image reconstruction has been realized. This speedup can be applied to image segmentation and image rendering. Advantages: Applications: - Reconstruction of high resolution medical images - Image segmentation and image rendering Intellectual Property Summary: Patented Stage of Development: 8687869 Licensing Potential: Licensing Licensing Status: Available for licensing. 7861 Additional Information: medical image,data collection,gpu,image segmentation,image rendering,rendering,hardware architecture,medical imaging,tomography,computed tomography,pet,single-photon emission computed tomography,spect,positron emission tomography,geometry,image processing software,image analysis algorithm,radiographic imaging,magnetic imaging,data processing,data processing algorithm,ct scan,pet scan,spect scan,medical scan,methods,high-resolution,ray tracing,segmentation https://stonybrook.technologypublisher.com/files/sites/8iu6rkfzskulzo78xwu9_radiologist_interpreting_mri.jpg Please note, header image is purely illustrative. Source: The Medical Futurist editors, Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 4.0.

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