Apparatus to Simulate Human Tissue for Superficial and Deep Heating Measurements

Heat therapy has long been recognized for its therapeutic potential, and can be utilized at both mild and vigorous levels. Both superficial and deep heating technologies are used to achieve this purpose. Superficial heating involves application of conductive and convective heat energy to the surface of the skin, while deep tissue heating, relies on radiative energy and results in maximal temperature rise in deeper tissues. Currently, skin and invasive measurements on human subjects are the only way to estimate the true temperature rise for an applied technology. While numerical modeling is an approach, it requires development of a finite element model that would still provide only theoretical estimates. Phantom models are commonly used to simulate human tissue. In this disclosure, we describe in detail the development of our phantom model that closely mimics multi-layered human tissue, including convective heat flow as an apparatus for measuring superficial and deep tissue temperature changes.


This technology provides a non-invasive alternative to obtaining superficial and deep tissue heating measurements in human tissue. Current heating technologies in the market claim varying levels of superficial and deep heating, but there is no way to verify it without testing it directly on human subjects. Our technology most closely mimics in-vivo measurements, allowing for development/testing of technology without a risk of injury for subjects.


Binghamton University RB477

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