Preparation of Highly Active Pt3Ni Nanoctahedra as Electrocatalyst Toward Oxygen Reduction in Fuel Cells

A novel wet-chemical approach is employed to prepare monodisperse Pt3Ni nanoctahedra and PtCu nanocubes terminated with specific facets. The oxygen reduction reaction activity on the Pt3Ni is ~ 5.1 folds higher than that of nanocubes with a similar size. A particular, scalable reaction introduces tungsten (W) or other shape control and separation agents, which also ensure a steady growth of particles. Other transition metals used in the bimetallic compositions are cobalt and iron.

Advantages:

  • Reaction is easily conducted and scaled-up.
  • Low platinum & high activity.
  • Long life-time of catalyst.
  • Can produce large quantity of PtNi nanoparticles that exhibit very high oxygen reduction activity and are promising for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs).

Intellectual Property:

U.S. 8,741,801

 

Binghamton University RB340

Patent Information:
Technology/Start-up ID: